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Civil War Easy Exam

True/False
Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false.
 

1. 

At the start of the Civil War, the North had more trained military leaders than did the South because most of the country's military colleges were in the North.
 

2. 

As the Civil War began, President Lincoln's goal was to preserve the Union, even if it meant allowing slavery to continue.
 

3. 

President Jefferson Davis's ability to conduct the war was hampered by the Confederacy's commitment to states' rights.
 

4. 

The Emancipation Proclamation decreed freedom for enslaved persons in all states where they were held.
 

5. 

With few financial resources and little industry, the South suffered more inflation and critical shortages during the Civil War than did the North.
 

6. 

The North experienced an economic boom because of the Civil War.
 

7. 

Infection spread quickly in field hospitals of the Civil War because of the practice of amputating wounded limbs.
 

8. 

The battle near Chancellorsville, Virginia, resulted in a key victory for the Union.
 

9. 

After the Battle of Gettysburg, Lee's forces remained on the defensive for the rest of the war.
 

10. 

Lee's attack at Cold Harbor resulted in a major defeat for his troops.
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

11. 

Robert E. Lee did not accept command of the Union troops because
a.
he believed in slavery.
b.
he supported secession.
c.
he could not fight against Virginia.
d.
he already commanded Confederate troops.
 

12. 

Lincoln suspended writs of habeas corpus. As a result,
a.
any man could be drafted into the military.
b.
draft dodgers could be tried for treason and executed.
c.
citizens of Southern states who were caught in the North could be treated as spies.
d.
a person could be imprisoned indefinitely without trial.
 

13. 

Jefferson Davis wanted to fight a war of attrition, in which the South would
a.
avoid large battles and force the North to exhaust its resources.
b.
attack only when the battle would result in heavy losses to the enemy.
c.
defend its territory but not invade the North.
d.
not attack, but would fight when the North attacked.
 

14. 

Citizens of the South suffered food shortages during the Civil War because
a.
most Southern farms grew cotton, not food crops.
b.
the Confederate government was sending most of the food to the troops.
c.
the Confederate government was focusing its spending on weapons production.
d.
the South’s transportation system had collapsed and Union troops occupied several important agricultural regions.
 

15. 

In response to the South’s treatment of African American troops, Lincoln
a.
executed many Confederate soldiers.
b.
stopped all prisoner exchanges.
c.
released Confederate prisoners.
d.
issued the Emancipation Proclamation.
 

16. 

Benjamin Grierson’s forces traveled 600 miles in order to
a.
disrupt supply lines sustaining the city of Vicksburg.
b.
slow the advance of Grant’s troops toward Vicksburg.
c.
buy time for reinforcements to reach the beleaguered defenders of Vicksburg.
d.
distract Confederate forces so Grant could land south of Vicksburg.
 

17. 

The map shows the site of the battle that was the turning point of the war. That battle took place at
civil_war_files/i0190000.jpg
a.
Chattanooga.
b.
Chancellorsville.
c.
Chickamauga.
d.
Gettysburg.
 

18. 

The capture of Chattanooga was an important objective for Union forces because
a.
they would then control a major railroad running south to Atlanta.
b.
they would then control the Ohio River.
c.
they would have split the Confederacy in half.
d.
it would open the way for an attack on Richmond.
 

19. 

In the election of 1864, candidate George McClellan promised to
a.
crush the South swiftly.
b.
stop the fighting and negotiate.
c.
nullify the Emancipation Proclamation.
d.
punish the South at war’s end.
 

20. 

All of the following were advantages the North enjoyed over the South EXCEPT
a.
a larger population.
b.
more industry.
c.
more military colleges.
d.
more miles of railroad tracks.
 

21. 

The Trent Affair brought the
a.
Confederacy close to war with France.
b.
Confederacy close to war with Britain.
c.
Union close to war with France.
d.
Union close to war with Britain.
 

22. 

The North’s Anaconda Plan proposed all of the following EXCEPT
a.
a blockade of Confederate ports.
b.
controlling the Mississippi River with gunboats.
c.
a strong, quick invasion toward the capital of Richmond.
d.
dividing the Confederacy and exhausting its resources, forcing surrender.
 

23. 

The Emancipation Proclamation
a.
decreed freedom for all enslaved people.
b.
decreed freedom for all enslaved people in the states at war with the Union.
c.
decreed freedom for all enslaved people in the loyal border states.
d.
started the process of amending the Constitution to free all enslaved people.
 

24. 

Study the map of the area around Vicksburg, Mississippi, to help you complete this statement: Capturing Vicksburg was an important objective for the North because
civil_war_files/i0260000.jpg
a.
its location close to the North’s southern border made invasion from there a threat to the North.
b.
its capture would give the North control of the Mississippi River delta.
c.
it was the last Confederate stronghold on the Mississippi River and its capture would cut the South in two.
d.
its capture would prevent the South from shipping its cotton to Europe.
 

25. 

The Confederate commander at Vicksburg surrendered because
a.
his troops were starving.
b.
his troops had run out of ammunition.
c.
most of his soldiers had been killed or wounded.
d.
he wanted to avoid slaughter at the hands of the much larger Union force.
 

26. 

After Lincoln fired McClellan, he gave command of the army to a series of generals, including
a.
Burnside, Meade, Pickett, and Grant.
b.
Burnside, Hooker, Meade, and Grant.
c.
Hooker, Meade, Rosecrans, and Grant.
d.
Meade, Pickett, Rosecrans, and Grant.
 

27. 

Farragut’s victory at Mobile Bay was important because
a.
Southern supply ships could no longer use the Mississippi River.
b.
blockade runners could no longer use any port on the Gulf of Mexico east of the Mississippi River.
c.
the battle effectively ended the war in the West.
d.
Mobile was the South’s largest city and center of the cotton trade.
 

28. 

The Amendment to the Constitution that banned slavery in the United States was the
a.
Tenth.
b.
Eleventh.
c.
Twelfth.
d.
Thirteenth.
 

Matching
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below. Answers may be used more than once.
a.
Seven Days’ Battle
b.
Battle of Shiloh
c.
Second Battle of Bull Run
d.
Battle of Murfreesboro
e.
First Battle of Bull Run
f.
battle for New Orleans
g.
Battle of Antietam
 

29. 

resulted in the Union’s capture of the South’s largest city
 

30. 

battle in Tennessee between Braxton Bragg and William S. Rosecrans that ended inconclusively
 

31. 

the result of this battle convinced Lincoln that the time had come to end slavery in the South
 

32. 

battle where “Stonewall” Jackson got his nickname
 

33. 

led newspapers to demand that Lincoln fire Grant
 

34. 

Union’s defeat at this battle prompted Lincoln to increase enlistment to 500,000 for three years
 

35. 

bloodiest one-day battle in the war
 

36. 

series of attacks on McClellan’s forces in Virginia
 

37. 

battle in which Confederate forces under Robert E. Lee pushed back Union forces defending Washington, D.C.
 

38. 

with its defeat in this battle, the South lost its best chance at gaining international recognition and support
 
 
Match each item with the correct statement below. One letter is used twice.
a.
George McClellan
b.
John Wilkes Booth
c.
William Tecumseh Sherman
d.
Robert E. Lee
e.
Winfield Scott
f.
Stonewall Jackson
g.
David G. Farragut
h.
Ulysses S. Grant
i.
Henry Wirz
 

39. 

regretted the all-out assault he ordered at Cold Harbor
 

40. 

general in chief of the U.S. who proposed Anaconda Plan
 

41. 

ran for president against Lincoln in 1864
 

42. 

commander whose reinforcements from Virginia stood firm during the First Battle of Bull Run
 

43. 

after McDowell’s failure at the First Battle of Bull Run, ordered by Lincoln to lead the Union army in the east
 

44. 

promoted by Lincoln to lieutenant general
 

45. 

uttered the quote “Damn the torpedoes! Full speed ahead!”
 

46. 

surrendered to Grant to end the Civil War
 

47. 

assassinated Abraham Lincoln
 

48. 

commandant of an infamous military prison
 



 
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